Hattisburg (UK) Hattiesburg) is a city in Forrest County, the southern part of Mississippi, the United States of America, and the county office location of the county. The population in the 2000 census totaled 44,779, and at one time exceeded 50,000, but it fell after Hurricane Katrina attacked it in 2005. According to the 2010 Population Census, the number is 45,989, which is the fourth largest number in the state. In recent years, it has been expanded by merging the eastern part of Lamar County. It is a major city in the Hattisburg metropolitan area across Forest County, Lamar County and Perry County.
City of Hattiesburg
|Nickname: The Hub City|
the location of Hattisburg City in Forest County, Mississippi
City of Hattiesburg
|mayor||Johnny L. Dupley|
|region||128.6 km2 (49.7 mi2)|
|land||127.6 km2 (49.3 mi2)|
|water surface||1.1 km2 (0.4 mi2)|
|Elevation||52 m (171 ft)|
|population||(as of 2010)|
|population density||351/km2 (909/mi2)|
|equal time||Eastern Standard Time (UTC-6)|
|daylight saving time||Eastern Daylight Time (UTC-5)|
|Official website: City of Hattiesburg|
Hattisburg was founded in 1882 by William H. Hardy, a lumber dealer and a civil engineer, and the name of the town was named after Hatty, Hardy's wife. Two years later, the population became 400 and became a municipality. The population of Hattisburg was initially expanded as the center of lumber and the railway industry, and as a result, the town was nicknamed 'Center City.' The economy is now diversified, and the area is located in the center of southern Mississippi and is also powerful, attracting new populations to the region.
Hattisburg is Minami Mississippi University (originally called Mississippi Normal School) and William Carey University. In the southern part of the city is Camp Shelby, the largest military training station in the east of the Mississippi River.
Hattisburg, located at the junction of the Leaf and Bowie rivers, was founded in 1862 by Captain William H. Hardy, a civil engineer. The early pioneers of this area were the descendants of Scots, Irish, and English immigrants who immigrated to Georgia and both Carolina, and were attracted to the uncivilized, pine-rich land.
Hattisburg became a municipality with a population of 400 in 1884. It was originally called Twin Forks and later Gordon Building. Finally, Hardy named her Hattisburg after his wife Hatty.
In 1884, a railroad called the Southern Railway was built from Meridian to New Orleans via Hattisburg. The Gulf and Ship Island Railroad, now part of the Illinois Central System, opened from Gulfport to Jackson via Httysburg, triggering a wood boom in 1987. The railroad service took more than 20 years to complete its operation, but it had a greater effect than expected. Deep water ports were formed, the population of the area along the line was more than double, the town of Gulfport was built, and Hattisburg became the railway center.
In 1912, a local newspaper called Hattizburg 'a center-axis city' and this was a nickname. This came from the fact that many important railway lines were running through the Hattisberg. Later, U.S. National Route 49, Route 98 and Route 11, and later, Inter-State Expressway Route 59, became a relay point for major roads. Hattisburg, less than 100 miles (160 km) south of the provincial capital Jackson, is located in the center of the Gulf Coast of Mexico, New Orleans and Mobil, Alabama.
The area around Hattisburg was involved in the nuclear development competition during the cold war. In the 1960s, two nuclear bombs exploded about 28 miles (45 km) southwest of Hattisburg at the Rock Salt Dome near Lamberton. Subsequent investigations by the Environmental Protection Agency have failed to reveal levels of radiation contamination that could affect the human body.
Throughout the 20th century, Hattisburg has benefited from the establishment of Camp Shelby (now the Military Mobilization Center), two general hospitals, and two universities, South Mississippi University and William Kerry University. Urban areas, including Hattisburg, Forrest County and Lamar County, were designated as metropolitan areas in statistics when the population of urban areas exceeded 100,000 in 1994.
Hattisberg is located about 75 miles (120 km) inland from the coast, but during Hurricane Katrina in 2005, it was severely damaged. About 10,000 buildings in the area were damaged in some way. About 80% of the city road was blocked by fallen trees and power was stopped for up to 14 days. 24 people died in and around Hattisburg. There were a number of people in the city who had been demanding temporary hijackers and displacement from the shores of Louisiana and Mississippi, where Hurricane Katrina had been badly damaged, and this was confusing.
The Hattisburg Police Station is the first federal government-certified law enforcement agency in Mississippi, and the only authorized station in the past decade. It has its own training school, and it is one of the most difficult schools in Japan, where more than 50% of the students have left the school halfway.
The Hattisburg Zoo in Camper Park has long been popular among tourists.
civil rights movement
The Hattisburg and Palmer's cross-in African-American regions played an important role in the civil rights movement in the 1960s. In 1959, Clyde KENNARD, a black soldier who took part in the Korean War, submitted a request for admission to Mississippi Southern College (today's Minami Mississippi University), which was only accepting white people at that time. He was refused admission because of his race, and still persisted in his admission, when the Mississippi State Board of Sovereignty invented that he was plotting a crime and sentenced him to seven years' imprisonment in Mississippi Prison. Civil rights activists from Forrest County, such as Medger Evers and Vernon Darmer, leaders of the National Association for the Advancement of Blacks, fought to reverse the ruling.
Seron Lind, a Forrest County electoral register, was blocking the registration of black voters. In those days, 30% of the population was black, but less than 1% of the population had voting rights, while nearly 100% of the white people had voting rights. In 1961, when the United States Department of Justice charged Lind, Lind became the first Registrar of the Southern Electors to be convicted under the Civil Rights Act in 1957 for his charge of systematically obstructing the right to vote of African americans.
In 1962, the Student Non-Violent Cooperative Committee started the first plan to register the right to vote in Hattisburg, supported by the Federal Council of Organizations. By 1964, an organization called the Delta Mini Tree was active in the city. He formed the Forest County Voter Union by working with the National Association for the Advancement of Blacks and local civil rights leaders. In connection with the 1963 election, civil rights leaders organized a 'free vote' across the state, a mock election that shows both widespread discrimination and the desire of black people in Mississippi to seek full citizenship. This posed a huge physical and economic risk, but almost half of Forest County's negro participated and had the highest voter turnout in the state.
On January 21, 1964, the day was the "Day of Liberty" of Hattisburg, a major milestone of the Voter Registration Movement, supported by student demonstrators and 50 North Shinto priests. For the first time since the reconstruction era, racial protest for the right to vote was held without arrest even if piqueted to the court. About 100 African Americans tried to register their voters, but few were allowed to enter the court, and a few were registered on the voters' list. After that, protests were held every day for several months, and they came to be called 'never-ending pike.'
During the summer of freedom in 1964, the project of Hattisburg and Palmer's Crossing became the headquarters of all civil rights movements in the fifth district of the Federal House of Representatives in Mississippi, with more than 90 applicants and 3,000 local participants, the most active in the state. Hundreds of black people in Forest County tried to register as voters in court, but most of them were blocked. Over 650 children and adults attended one of the seven free schools, Hattisburg and Palmer's Crossing, and the three free libraries were launched in donated books and a regional center was established. Many white people were against the civil rights movement by blacks, and summer applicants and local African americans endured arrest, beating, row and expulsion.
Forrest County, which is also the center of activity for the Liberal Democratic Party of Mississippi, sent delegates to the Democratic Party Convention held in Atlantic City, to take on behalf of the Caucasian and pro-racism delegates, all of whom were elected by the established parties in the primary elections, where African americans were not able to participate. Per Mars Crossing's Victoria Jackson Gray confronted John C. Tennis, the incumbent Senator from Mississippi Liberal Democratic Party (LDP), and John Cameron of Httysburg ran for the fifth House election. It was known that black people could not win the election under the circumstances where they could not vote, but the race and the election campaign moved forward in the fight for the right to vote.
On the night of January 10, 1966, the White Knights of Ku. Klux Klan attacked the home of Vernon Darmer, leader of the National Black Status Association in Hattisburg, with bombs and guns. Darmer was the most prominent black leader in the county and the principal leader of the civil rights movement for many years. Just before the attack, Darmer declared that he would hand over two dollars of the voter registration tax to poor black people. Darmer gave his wife and three other young children, and his older aunt the rifle to hold the Klang's attack and gain time to escape from the burning house, but he died the next day from burn and smoke inhalation. The murder of Darmer caused a great march in Hattisburg. Many Kran people were arrested and four were convicted. After four trials were stranded on the rocks in 1998, Kran's Imperial Wizard Samuel Bowers was convicted of ordering the assassination of Dermer. Bowers were sentenced to life imprisonment.
Vera Uniform/Project Dribble Nuclear Test
The Bela Uniform was one of the elements of the Project Vera that was jointly executed by the U.S. Department of Energy and the National Defense Higher Research Program Bureau. The purpose was to develop an earthquake probe device as a means of detecting underground nuclear tests. The project dribble planned two nuclear explosions. The salmon test was held on October 22, 1964, and was 5.3 kilo tons of power. The Stirling test took place on December 3, 1966, with a scale of 380 tons. They were held in the Tatum Rock Salt Dome, southwest of the Hattisburgh and Babis regions.
The Hattisburg Municipal Separation School District has jurisdiction over the public education of Hattisburg, and it looks from kindergarten students to twelfth grade students. There are seven high schools, one all-International school, two middle schools and ten elementary schools. There are six other private schools.
Hattisburg has two higher education institutions. The public University of South Mississippi and the private University of William Kerry of the Baptist Church. Both schools have a campus elsewhere. The University of South Mississippi has a campus on Long Beach and the University of William Carey has a campus on Gulfport and New Orleans.
Hattisburg is located at latitude 31 degrees 18 minutes 57 seconds north and longitude 89 degrees 18 minutes 31 seconds west and latitude 31.31583 degrees north and longitude 89.30861 degrees west/ 31.31583 degrees west;.30861. Most of the area is in Forest County. A small region of the west is in Lamar County. This is a narrow stretch of land to the east of the interstate Expressway Route 59, and an irregular stretch of land to West Hattisburg. According to the 2000 National Census, 42,475 people (94.9%) of the 44,779 people in the city lived in Forrest County and 2,304 people (5.1%) lived in Lamar County.
According to the National Census Bureau, the total area of the city is 49.7 square miles (128.6 km2), of which the land area is 49.3 square miles (127.6 km2), the water area is 0.4 square miles (1.1 km2) and the water area is 0.83%.
Hattisberg has a warm and humid climate, with a short, warm winter and a hot and humid summer. Although snow is very rare, there was a snowfall of 3 to 5 inches (7.5 to 12.5 cm) around Hattisburg on December 11, 2008. This is true of all the southern parts of the United States, but especially in Hal, there is a heavy thunderstorm. This is accompanied by a lot of thunder and heavy rain, and sometimes large-sized hail and tornado are generated.
|Climate of Hattisburg|
|Mean maximum temperature°C (°F)||16 |
|Mean Minimum Temperature °C (°F)||2 |
|Precipitation mm (inch)||178.8 |
The following is demographic data from the 2000 census.
Households and family (number of households)
income and family
Hattisberg adopts the Mayor's and City Council system. The mayor is elected from all the cities. Five members of the municipal government are to be elected, and one member is to be elected from five electoral districts.
Hattisberg has a branch office of several companies all over the company, which offers thousands of jobs in the Pine Belt. It has the headquarters of International Filing and the branch of Cola Engine and Coca Cola Bottling. Sunbeam (a joint venture between Mr. Coffee and Coleman) and Kimberley Clark were producing in Hattisburg. According to CNN, Hattisburg is part of the top 25 growing business cities.
There are 17 FM radio stations and four AM radio stations that can be heard in the city. There are four TV stations that can be viewed. The daily papers are Hattisburg American, the weekly community newspaper is "Rammer Times," and the weekly magazine "Petar News" is "Petar News."
The Crescent, the train of Amtrak, connects Hattisburg with New York City, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington D.C., Charlotte, Atlanta, Birmingham, and New Orleans. At Hattisburg Station, Amtrak, is on Newman Street 308.
Three first class railway companies are responsible for rail freight transportation. The Canadian National Railway connects Jackson and Mobil, the Kansas City Southern Railway connects Gulfport, and the Norfolk Southern Railway connects Meridian and New Orleans.
Hattisburg City owns and operates Hub City Transit, a unique mass transit system. The Hub City Transit runs regular flights through major streets every day. Intermodal stations in the central city are used both in Amtrak and in Hub City Transit. As the number of passengers getting on and off the city has increased, the company is planning to increase the number of routes, including bus services to the suburban oak gloves and the petar.
The Hattisburg Laurel Area Airport is located in the northeast of Hattisburg, where regular daily flights are being launched with Memphis, Tennessee. The airport also has 18-hole golf course business parks on its grounds.
Hattisburg City operates Hattisburg Bobby L. Chain Civic Airport in Industrial Park, Hattizburg Forest County. It is four miles (6 km) from the center of the city, and it is possible to depart from and arrive at and depart from commercial and general-purpose aircraft for most of the southern Mississippi.
|Interstate Expressway Route 59, connecting North Meridian and South New Orleans|
United States National Route
|run parallel to U.S. National Route 11 and Interstate Expressway Route 59|
|U.S. National Route 49, connecting North Jackson and South Gulfport|
|National Route 98 connects Colombia in the west and Mobil in the southeast|
|also called Eleven Gandhi Parkway, Route 42 of Mississippi|
|Mississippi State Route 589|
|Mississippi State Route 198|
|Mississippi State Route 24|
well known resident
- Victoria Gray Adams, educator, civil rights leader
- Steven Baselm, writer and critic
- Wallie Berg, the first American climber to Loze in the Himalayas in 1990
- Jesse L. Brown, the first African american pilot in the United States Navy
- Jimmy Buffett, musicians
- Shelby Cannon, tennis players
- Shay Kally, actress
- Vernon Darmer, civil rights leader, killed by Ku Klux Klan in 1866
- Tyler Dickerson
- Bob Dudley, BP Manager, in 2010, fighting for the Gulf of Mexico oil spill
- Woody Evans
- Brett Favve, former NFL player, MVP 3rd in NFL, Super Bowl Win 1st
- former head coach of the University of Southern California basketball team Tim Floyd
- was born and raised in Aphroman, musician, and Palmdale, California, but also grew up in Hattisburg
- Joey Gaslight Major League Baseball players
- Todd Grisham, WWE announcer
- Gary Grubs, Hollywood and TV actors
- Ray Guy, former NFL player, Auckland Raiders
- Charlie Hayes, Major League Baseball former player
- Author Who Received the Pulitzer Prize, Beth Henry
- Eddie Hodges, Actors and Singers
- a member of Clifton Hyde, a musician, and a Blueman
- San Francisco Giants players in Fred Lewis, Major League Baseball
- Lewis Lips, former NFL player, 1984 AFC New Champions, Pittsburgh Steelers
- founder of Rick London, writer and cartoonist London Times Cartouns
- Danny Manning, former professional basketball player
- Reverend Henry Kraft, Captain of Nation 2003 at Boy Scout
- Vanessa Marnewek, Craftsman
- Dave Mattisson Jr., founded WDAMTV in June 1956
- Walter E. Massey, former president of Moorhouse University, Director of the National Science Foundation under the administration of George H. W. Bush
- Oseola McCarty, philanthropist, President Citizen's Medal
- Matt Miller, a professional baseball player
- Boston Red Sox players in Jonathan Papelbon and Major League Baseball
- Van Dyke Parks, musicians
- Todd OinkSton, former NFL player, Philadelphia Eagles
- Steven Perdy, Broadway musicians and vocal music teachers
- Pervis Short, NBA former players
- Robert L. Stewart, NASA astronaut
- Tlet Twitty, a musician
- James Wheaton, Actor, Director, Educator
- Web Wilder, Musician, Actor
- Craig Weisman, lyricist
- Walter H. Yates Jr., United States Army Major General
- Walter Young, Professional Baseball players
- Walter Sugs, NFL former player, Houston Euler
- ^ American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. February 4, 2011. Read April 5, 2011
- ^ Reagan L. Grimsley, Hattiesburg In Vintage Postcards, (SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2004.)
- ^ Reagan L. Grimsley, Hattiesburg in Vintage Postcards, Arcadia Publishing, 2004.
- ^ Clyde Kennard Framed and Jailed in MS ~ Civil Rights Movement Veterans
- ^ Freedom Ballot in MS ~ Civil Rights Movement Veterans
- ^ Freedom Day in Hattiesburg ~ Civil Rights Movement Veterans
- ^ Branch, Taylor (1998). Pillar of Fire. Simon & Schuster
- ^ Randall, Herbert (2001). Faces of Freedom Summer. University of Alabama Press
- ^ Carson, Clayborne (1981). In Struggle: SNCC and the Black Awakening of the 1960s. Harvard University Press
- ^ Davis, Townsend (1998). Weary Feet, Rested Souls. W.W. Norton
- ^ Biography of Sam Bowers. University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law. Retrieved on April 24, 2008.
- ^ "United States Nulear Tests: July 1945 through September 1992". US Department of Energy Nevada Operations Office, December 2000. Archived from original as of October 12, 2006. Read on September 11, 2008.
- ^ US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau, (2011-02-12)Available April 23, 2011.
- ^ "Subcounty population estimates: Mississippi 2000-2006 (CSV)". United States Census Bureau, Population Division (28th June 2007). Read on July 21, 2007.
- ^ "Average Weather for Hattiesburg, MS - Temperature and Precipitation". The Weather Channel. On July 11, 2008, it was read.
- City of Hattiesburg - Official Site
- Hattiesburg American
- Hattiesburg Area Historical Society
- Hattiesburg Visitor Information
- Hattiesburg.com - visitor and business information
- History of Hattiesburg's Jewish community (from the Institute of Southern Jewish Life)
- Lake Terrace Convention Center - Mississippi's Premier Meeting Facility
- Hattiesburg-Bobby L. Chain Municipal Airport (HBG)